08/23/2017

diabetes damages Herbal cure for Alzheimers Energy and Resources Institute of India

By Live Dr - Mon Mar 09, 2:23 am

How to reverse diabetes damages

Intake of broccoli may overturn the damage caused by diabetes to heart blood vessels, says a new study conducted by University of Warwick research team.
How to reverse diabetes damages
The researchers believe that the key behind the effect is a compound found in the vegetable, called sulforaphane.

It encourages production of enzymes, which protect the blood vessels, and a reduction in high levels of molecules, which cause significant cell damage.

Brassica vegetables such as broccoli have previously been linked to a lower risk of heart attacks and strokes.

People with diabetes are up to five times more likely to develop cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks and strokes; both are linked to damaged blood vessels.

The Warwick team, whose work is reported in the journal Diabetes, tested the effects of sulforaphane on blood vessel cells damaged by high glucose levels (hyperglycaemia), which are associated with diabetes.

They recorded a 73 percent reduction of molecules in the body called Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS).

Hyperglycaemia can cause levels of ROS to increase three-fold and such high levels can damage human cells.

The researchers also found that sulforaphane activated a protein in the body called nrf2, which protects cells and tissues from damage by activating protective antioxidant and detoxifying enzymes.

“Our study suggests that compounds such as sulforaphane from broccoli may help counter processes linked to the development of vascular disease in diabetes. In future, it will be important to test if eating a diet rich in brassica vegetables has health benefits for diabetic patients. We expect that it will,” BBC quoted the study’s lead researcher professor Paul Thornalley, as saying.

Source: ANI
The Energy and Resources Institute of India (TERI) has stamped its green footprint on the Indian kitchen with its first-ever cookbook on environmentally-friendly diet.
Here comes an eco-friendly cookbook
The Teri Press, the publishing arm of TERI, in collaboration with the The Park Hotel in the capital, Friday released “The Original Organic Cookbook: Recipes for Healthy Living”.
The book has been authored by executive chef Kuntal Kumar of the Hilton Hotel at Shillim, a two-hour drive from Mumbai.
The book was released by TERI director-general and head of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) R.K. Pachauri, and former member of the Indian cricket team Ajay Jadeja. Maxine Olson, the resident representative of the UN Development Programme (UNDP), was also present on the occasion.
TERI has been campaigning for organic food for over a decade since it set up its first agricultural testing field on seven hectares of land at Supi, 10 km from Mukteshwar, in Uttarakhand in 2002.
Over the past six years, the institute has involved local communities in cultivating crops and herbs the natural or the organic way to create sustainable livelihoods. The book is an extension of the project.
Explaining the importance of the book, Pachauri said an efficient home is one which is energy sensitive in design.
“Such homes must also have intelligent kitchens where the food cooked should also protect the ecology. We have to start the process of conservation with what we put in our mouths. So, it was important for a member of the TERI family to get a product like this on print,” Pachauri said.
The environmentalist stressed the need for a radical change in lifestyles. “We have gone overboard in using pesticides. And we have to start promoting organic food in a big way to neutralise its effect,” he said.
Pachauri hoped that the book would not only influence people in India, but also encourage people abroad to eat more organic food.
The volume, priced at Rs.595, is divided into eight chapters that offer a comprehensive spread of international and Indian recipes. They are simple and easy to cook with organic ingredients. It begins with a chapter on juices followed by sauces, spreads, pickles, appetisers, soups, main courses and desserts.
The artfully designed volume in a pleasing shade of green ends with two glossaries – one on the cooking terms and the other on the organic herbs used in the dishes.
“I tried to make the book reader-friendly with cross-references. I have tried to describe each herb and the processes involved to pack it with maximum information even for the lay cook. It was easy to edit because the book had real substance. The recipes were good and well-sorted and hence the process of polishing it to a finesse was easy, unlike many other cook books,” editor Nasima Aziz told IANS.
Kuntal Kumar described it as a celebration of the organic lifestyle. It is a challenge to commercialise organic food, he said.
“Only 14,000 tonnes of the two million tonnes of food grown annually is organic,” he added.
It is always difficult to have a running organic food section in hotel menus since farmers cannot ensure adequate supply, chef Baksheesh Din of The Park said.
Kuntal Kumar offered live demonstrations of two organic recipes in a makeshift interactive kitchen – a simple snack of stir fried bean sprout salad with sautéed garlic and herbs followed by a complete meal of hot and sour mushroom soup with bean curd or organic tofu.
“I want to dispel the notion that organic food is only vegetarian,” the diminutive chef told IANS. “You have organic chicken, which grows naturally, and all kinds of marine food are organic. You can’t put pesticides or medicines in sea water,” he said.
Listing the array of organic non-vegetarian food available, Kuntal Kumar said deer and even poultry birds like quail could be reared organically.
The three traits that set organic food apart from its modified and medicated cousin are freshness of taste, subdued colouring in case of vegetables and better nutritional value, the chef said.
Citing a rough estimate of the positive impact that organic food can have on the environment, Kuntal Kumar said latest data showed that if all the farmers in the world took to organic farming, the earth would be able to reduce carbon emissions by 21 percent.
Source: Indo-Asian News Service

Herbal cure for Alzheimers?

India’s National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI) here says it has invented a herbal tonic to treat Alzheimer’s disease, which leads to gradual loss of memory in the aged.
Herbal cure for Alzheimers?
Encouraged by the satisfactory results when the herbal formulation was tested on rats, the institute has filed for a US patent.
“The herbal formulation will act as a memory enhancer in treating Alzheimer’s,” C.V. Rao, a pharmacology scientist and a member of the team of scientists doing the research at the NBRI, told IANS.
“The scientists are led by Yogendra Kumar Gupta for the research on the herbal product and a process patent application has been filed,” Rao added.
The scientist said the tonic mainly comprises alcoholic extracts of several medicinal plants.
“A range of plants with therapeutic importance like Tinospora Cordifolia (guduchi in Hindi), Centella Asiatica (Indian Pennywort), Withania Somnifera (winter cherry), Mucuna Pruriens (velvet beans), Circuma Longa (turmeric) and others have been used for the formulation,” Rao said.
Chemical messengers, called neurotransmitters, allow brain cells to communicate with each other. But in Alzheimer’s patients, the amounts of neurotransmitters get decreased. As a result, patients develop deposits of protein and fibre – or blood brain barrier – owing to which the cells cannot send the right signals to other parts of the brain.
“Unlike most of the other drugs used to treat brain disorders, this herbal tonic is potent enough to cross the blood brain barrier and activate the transmission of signals from the brain to nerve terminals,” said the scientist.
“Our herbal tonic targets and acts against the deposition in the brain so that normal flow of the transmission of signals from the brain can be revived.”
The herbal tonic can be either used as an emulsion or as a soft gelatin capsule.
According to Rao, studies have shown that one percent of the population aged between 65-74 have severe dementia, increasing to seven percent in those aged between 75-84 and nearly 25 percent of those aged 85 years or above.
The trials of the tonic are at the animal testing stage, and it would take one more phase before the trials can be conducted on humans, officials of the institute added

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  1. “Mushroom” describes a variety of gilled fungi, with or without stems, and the term is used even more generally, to describe both the fleshy fruiting bodies of some Ascomycota and the woody or leathery fruiting bodies of some Basidiomycota, depending upon the context of the word.*’*^

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