female depression during the child in womb and stress reducing factors for hard working male dual medical article

By Live Dr - Mon Feb 02, 1:04 pm

Depression linked to smoking during pregnancy

Recently released studies indicate that many pregnant women who smoke also might suffer from depression.
Depression linked to smoking during pregnancy
This indicates that “quit for your baby” messages are “too simplistic an approach for many women,”. The U.S. government estimates that about 12% of pregnant women smoke despite evidence that it increases the risk of miscarriage, premature birth, low birthweight, sudden infant death syndrome, and learning and behaviour disorders.
According to a study, pregnant smokers were about three times as likely to have a mental health disorder as pregnant nonsmokers. For the study, Renee Goodwin, a Columbia University epidemiologist, and colleagues followed more than 1,500 pregnant women who took part in an expanded study of the health of U.S. residents.
Twenty-two percent of the women smoked at some point during pregnancy, and about 12% were classified as nicotine-dependent. The pregnant smokers were typically poor, less educated and had less access to health care. According to the study, a majority of the women who smoked suffered from depression. Thirty percent of the smokers and more than 50% of the women who were nicotine-dependent had a mental health disorder, the study found.
Smaller studies also have found a link between depression and smoking during pregnancy, Nora Volkow, director of NIH’s National Institute on Drug Abuse, said nicotine and other chemicals in cigarette smoke can act in the brain like mild antidepressants. Women “are not just smoking to get the habit-forming aspects … they are seeking the therapeutic effect,” Volkow said. She added that because it often is difficult for people who are depressed to realize they need help, smoking can become
more of “a disease instead of a choice.”
The University of Texas’ M.D. Anderson Cancer Center recently launched a study, called Project Baby Steps, which aims to determine whether nondrug depression therapy helps pregnant smokers quit. The study has enrolled more than 250 poor, inner-city pregnant women who smoke to examine whether a form of cognitive therapy for depression is more effective in helping them stop smoking than anti-smoking counseling alone.
Nearly half of the women are currently experiencing major depression, and many also have a history of abuse or other trauma, Jan Blalock of M.D. Anderson said. The women volunteered for the study because they want to quit smoking. The psychological therapy teaches women to problem-solve so they can improve unhealthy relationships that can cause the depression and the smoking, Blalock said. She added that researchers do not know if depression is a factor for pregnant smokers in general or is an added risk mostly for poor women.
“These ladies all know about the health risks” of smoking, Blalock said, adding, “We should at least understand more about why these ladies don’t quit.” Goodwin said, “There’s a lot of social disdain” for pregnant smokers, adding, “There aren’t a lot of treatment programs. There’s just advice not to smoke, but that’s not going to do the job”
Source: AP

Chewing gum helps reduce stress

Chewing gum was found to help relieve anxiety, improve alertness and reduce stress among individuals, according to a new study.
Chewing gum helps reduce stress
Andrew Scholey, professor of Behavioural and Brain Sciences, Swinburne University, Australia led the study, based on 40 volunteers averaging 22 years.
The study was done on the Defined Intensity Stressor Simulation (DISS), a multi-tasking platform which reliably induces stress and also includes performance measures, while chewing and not chewing gum.
While chewing gum, participants reported lower levels of anxiety. They showed a reduction in anxiety as compared to non-gum chewers by nearly 17 per cent during mild stress and nearly 10 per cent in moderate stress.
Participants experienced greater levels of alertness when they chewed gum. They showed improvement in alertness over non-gum chewers by nearly 19 pe rcent during mild stress and eight percent in moderate stress.
Stress levels were also lower. Levels of salivary cortisol (a physiological stress marker) in gum chewers were lower than those of non-gum chewers by 16 per cent during mild stress and nearly 12 per cent in moderate stress.
Chewing gum resulted in a significant improvement in overall performance on multi-tasking activities. Both gum-chewers and non-chewers showed improvement from their baseline scores.
However, chewing gum improved mean performance scores over non-gum chewers by 67 per cent during moderate stress and 109 per cent in mild stress.
These findings were presented on Saturday at the 10th International Congress of Behavioural Medicine, Rissho University in Tokyo.
Source: IANS


Comments -49 - 0 of 23First« PrevNext »Last
  1. Wonderful site you’ve got here.

  2. Passion the site– extremely user pleasant and great deals to see!

  3. Wow cuz this is excellent job! Congrats and keep it up.

  4. Many thanks really practical. Will share site with my pals.

  5. Thanks! This a terrific web-site.

  6. Thanks with regard to delivering these fantastic written content.

  7. Many thanks! This a astounding web-site.

  8. Hi there, good websites you have here.

  9. Superb Web page, Carry on the useful job. Thank you so much.|

  10. You’re a really useful website; couldn’t make it without ya!

  11. I treasure the knowledge on your web site. Kudos.

  12. You have got incredible information on this web-site.

  13. Thank you for sharing your amazing web-site.

  14. Really educational, look frontward to returning.

  15. I love browsing your site. Kudos!

  16. I recently could not depart your site in advance of suggesting we really treasured the standard facts a person give to . kumpulan vlogger terbaruthese potential customers? Is going to be yet again gradually to check through innovative discussions

  17. thank so considerably for your website it assists a whole lot.

  18. Great looking web site. Think you did a bunch of your very own coding.

  19. Maintain the helpful job and generating the group!

  20. Wow, attractive portal. Thnx …

  21. Your post on female depression during the child in womb and stress reducing factors for hard working male dual medical article – LiveDr Admissions is awesome. I hope u can continue writing many more post soon. Viva livedr.org

  22. Hello, after reading this remarkable paragraph i am also glad to share my experience here with colleagues.

    Athletic Bilbao fotballdrakter 2018

  23. Hi, Well put together publish.. aplikasi berita saham We have an difficulty as well as your web site around internet explorer, might test out this kind of? For example nevertheless is the market place fundamental and a excellent component of men and women will pass over your current great composing because of this issue.

Comments -49 - 0 of 23First« PrevNext »Last

Leave a Reply