09/24/2017

how to have good sound sleep,latest drugs and tablets prevents heart attack

By Live Dr - Mon Feb 02, 1:11 pm

For a sound sleep

For a sound sleep
Good bedtime habits, not sleeping pills, is the long-term solution to insomnia, a new study in Germany has confirmed.
Many people sleep better during holidays and long to sleep well all the time. But good habits, besides being free of worries help in sound sleep, according to the German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care.
The institute suggested what bedtime habits could help, how well relaxation techniques work, how sleep changes throughout life and that adults need less sleep.
“Prescription sleeping pills can be important in certain situations, but they can cause a lot of adverse effects. For older people, sleep medication can increase the risk of falling, as well as interfering with other medicines,” warned the institute director Peter Sawicki.
“Sleeping pills are not the best way to solve underlying problems like depression or painful conditions that are interfering with a good night’s sleep,” he said.
Reading and watching TV in bed could actually make it harder to sleep. If people cannot sleep, it is better for them to get out of bed and do something else rather than focusing on trying to sleep.
Getting up at the same time every morning can help too. Napping during the day might make it harder for you to sleep at night if you are struggling with chronic insomnia.
It is also important to avoid drinking caffeinated drinks and alcohol in the evening. “Most people know that coffee, cola or black tea can interfere with their sleep,” said Sawicki.
“But many do not realise that alcohol is one of the major causes of a bad night’s sleep. About 20 percent of adults in industrial countries have problems sleeping at one time or another. The institute analysed scientific studies that cover a wide range of research on sleep and insomnia.
“Trials have shown that many people could get to sleep a little sooner if they learned relaxation techniques to help them ‘switch off’ when it is time to go to sleep.”
Studies have shown that as we get older, we actually need less sleep on average. While children and teenagers generally need eight or more hours sleep every night, by the time people are 40, they usually only need seven hours a night.
Source: Indo-Asian News Service

New drug reduces risk of heart attack

New drug reduces risk of heart attack
A drug used to lower blood pressure also cuts the risk of cardiovascular death, heart attack or stroke in people who are unable to tolerate a readily available and effective treatment.
The study on the drug, telmisartan, was led by Salim Yusuf and Koon Teo, professors at the Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine of McMaster University, Canada.
“The remarkable tolerability of telmisartan is emphasised by the fact that fewer individuals stop medication if they were receiving telmisartan compared to a placebo,” said Teo, the project director.
“This is particularly noteworthy, as all the individuals enrolled in the study were unable to tolerate an ACE inhibitor, which is a closely related class of agents.”
The research results will be published online by The Lancet.
ACE inhibitors, or angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors, are widely used and effective medications used to lower blood pressure (BP). They work by helping to widen blood vessels to improve blood flow.
Approximately 20 percent of patients who could benefit from an ACE inhibitor stop taking it because of cough, kidney problems, swelling or symptomatic low blood pressure.
Telmisartan is a type of angiotensin-receptor blocker, or ARB. Like ACE inhibitors, telmisartan also lowers BP, but works in a different manner.
ARBs block the receptor sites in the body for angiotensin II, a naturally occurring hormone that constricts blood vessels and increases blood pressure.
The TRANSCEND (Telmisartan Randomised AssessmeNt Study in ACE iNtolerant subjects with cardiovascular Disease) study enrolled nearly 6,000 people worldwide who are intolerant to ACE inhibitors, and evaluated whether telmisartan – compared to a placebo – would reduce the risk of major cardiovascular events.
A high proportion of patients received proven therapies, such as statins, anti-platelet agents and beta-blockers. Physicians were also free to use other medications that could lower BP.
Researchers found that telmisartan reduced the outcome of cardiovascular death, heart attack, stroke or hospitalisation for heart failure by a relative eight percent (17 percent in the placebo experienced those cardiac events compared to 15.8 percent in the telmisartan group). This difference was not statistically significant.
Source: Indo-Asian News Service

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